Understanding Wood Grain

If you’ve remodeled your kitchen or bathroom, then you may know about wood grain. However, most people probably don’t know that often grain refers to texture in the wood.  Texture comes from the size and amount of variation in the bands that make vanities and cabinetry unique.

  • Rings

Grain patterns come from rings, which are created by growth variations. The rainy season produces different growth patterns than the dry season. Keep in mind that the term grain may also be used to describe how the wood is cut, such as flat, edge, or end grain.


  • Straight-Grain

Wood is used in a variety of home products that can range from moulding and millwork to decks and outdoor living. Wood grain can alter more than just the look of a room. For structural applications, make sure the grain is straight to ensure the integrity of the wood. Softer woods without straight grain are likely to lose some strength and durability. Plus, harder woods without straight grain could require more care and be more difficult to match with other wood products.  


  • Wood Alignment

A professional will pay attention to grain alignment when joining pieces of wood together. This ensures that the wood is less likely to warp over time. Alignment is especially important when building interior and exterior doors and when using specialty woods.


  • Types of Grain

Common types of grain include straight, spiral, and interlocked grain. Straight grain runs in a single direction, parallel to the axis of the tree. Spiral grain twists around the axis of the tree, and interlocked grain spirals around the axis of the tree, regularly alternating directions.

Wood is durable, which makes it perfect for your next in-home project or furniture selection, but there is a lot to keep in mind when selecting the right type of wood. Sometimes it’s best to leave it up to the professionals. At Southern Lumber, we offer quality wooden indoor and outdoor furniture. We can also help you create custom designs that work in any room.


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